1. Love & Lust

CC. Ädi 4.164:

käma, prema,—doìhäkära vibhinna lakñaëa
lauha ära hema yaiche svarüpe vilakñaëa

Lust and love have different characteristics, just as iron and gold have different natures.


One should try to discriminate between sexual love and pure love, for they belong to different categories, with a gulf of difference between them. They are as different from one another as iron is from gold.

Ädi 4.165

ätmendriya-préti-väïchä—täre bali ‘käma’
kåñëendriya-préti-icchä dhare ‘prema’ näma

The desire to gratify one’s own senses is käma [lust], but the desire to please the senses of Lord Kåñëa is prema [love].


The revealed scriptures describe pure love as follows:

sarvathä dhvaàsa-rahitaà saty api dhvaàsa-käraëe
yad bhäva-bandhanaà yünoù sa premä parikértitaù

“If there is ample reason for the dissolution of a conjugal relationship and yet such a dissolution does not take place, such a relationship of intimate love is called pure.”

The predominated gopés were bound to Kåñëa in such pure love. For them there was no question of sexual love based on sense gratification. Their only engagement in life was to see Kåñëa happy in all respects, regardless of their own personal interests. They dedicated their souls only for the satisfaction of the Personality of Godhead, Çré Kåñëa. There was not the slightest tinge of sexual love between the gopés and Kåñëa.

The author of Çré Caitanya-caritämåta asserts with authority that sexual love is a matter of personal sense enjoyment. All the regulative principles in the Vedas pertaining to desires for popularity, fatherhood, wealth and so on are different phases of sense gratification. Acts of sense gratification may be performed under the cover of public welfare, nationalism, religion, altruism, ethical codes, Biblical codes, health directives, fruitive action, bashfulness, tolerance, personal comfort, liberation from material bondage, progress, family affection or fear of social ostracism or legal punishment, but all these categories are different subdivisions of one substance-sense gratification. All such good acts are performed basically for one’s own sense gratification, for no one can sacrifice his personal interest while discharging these much-advertised moral and religious principles. But above all this is a transcendental stage in which one feels himself to be only an eternal servitor of Kåñëa, the absolute Personality of Godhead. All acts performed in this sense of servitude are called pure love of God because they are performed for the absolute sense gratification of Çré Kåñëa. However, any act performed for the purpose of enjoying its fruits or results is an act of sense gratification. Such actions are visible sometimes in gross and sometimes in subtle forms.

Ädi 4.166

kämera tätparya—nija-sambhoga kevala
kåñëa-sukha-tätparya-mätra prema ta’ prabala

The object of lust is only the enjoyment of one’s own senses. But love caters to the enjoyment of Lord Kåñëa, and thus it is very powerful.

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